Were Adam and Eve saved? If we assume they were saved, why is man affected by the Fall if they were forgiven and reconciled to God?
The Bible is not explicitly clear on whether Adam and Eve were saved, but a fairly strong argument can be made in support of them being saved.
Adam and Eve are the only humans to have ever known and lived with God before sin entered the world. It’s likely that even after the Fall, they knew God more intimately than we do. God continued to speak to them and provide for them after they had disobeyed Him and sinned.
In Genesis 3:15, God made it known to Adam and Eve that He would provide a Savior that would defeat Satan.
Gen 3:15 I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.”
According to the Bible, man’s salvation has always been through faith.
Romans 4:9 Is this blessing then only for the circumcised, or also for the uncircumcised? We say that faith was counted to Abraham as righteousness.
Hebrews 11:6 And without faith it is impossible to please him, for whoever would draw near to God must believe that he exists and that he rewards those who seek him.
There are at least two instances in the book of Genesis where Eve expresses faith in God.
Genesis 4:1 Now Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived and bore Cain, saying, “I have gotten a man with the help of the LORD.”
Eve believed and trusted that God would provide her and Adam with a son, and then gave birth to Cain. After Cain killed Abel, he was expelled from Adam and Eve’s presence. Eve had essentially lost both of her sons, but she continued to express faith in God’s promise in Genesis 4:25.
Genesis 4:25 And Adam knew his wife again, and she bore a son and called his name Seth, for she said, “God has appointed for me another offspring instead of Abel, for Cain killed him.”
In addition to this, many Bible scholars believe that God covering Adam and Eve’s nakedness with animal skins was the first animal sacrifice, and that it symbolized man’s inability to cover his sin while foreshadowing Jesus’ death on the cross as the final sacrifice that covers all sin.
Adding things up, it seems likely that Adam and Eve were saved.
So then, if Adam was saved and reconciled to God, why does man suffer the effects of the Fall?
If we believe the Bible to be the inerrant Word of God, and we consider it to be our ultimate source of truth and authority, the most basic answer is simply because that’ is God’s plan according to His Word.
If Adam and Eve were indeed saved through faith and reconciled to God, their salvation did not restore them to the sinless and perfect condition they had prior to sinning. We are, of course, at liberty to disagree with what the Bible says and propose our own ideas that may even seem theologically sound to us, but the Bible, being God’s Word, is infinitely truer and more trustworthy than any plan we come up with. God’s plan is perfect as is, and there are no changes we could make to it that would improve it.
Romans 5:15-17 But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man’s trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many. And the free gift is not like the result of that one man’s sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification. For if, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.
Although it seems likely, it’s not possible to be absolutely certain as to whether Adam and Eve were saved. What we can be certain of, however, is that if we place our faith in Jesus as payment for our sin, He will forgive us and grace us with the gift of eternal life.
John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.
Revelation 3:20 Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and eat with him, and he with me.
photo by Thomas Cole [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
this post is adapted from an answer written for GotQuestions.org